India is a diverse country, where people have different beliefs and practices. Despite the fact that there is no state religion in India, the subcontinent is the birthplace of some of the major religions of the world. These include Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism. Indeed, India is the land of philosophy and spirituality.
Buddhism And Other Religions
The primary religion of ancient India was Hinduism, and the origins of Hindu religion traces back to the Vedic period. It is the oldest and most significant religion. It originated in Northern India over 5000 years ago. Also, this religion is referred to as Sanatana Dharma, which means “the eternal tradition”. Moreover, scholars consider Hinduism as a perfect blend of numerous cultures and traditions of India. Indeed, Hinduism consists of a broad range of philosophies and is one of the most colorful religions that include a vast number of Gods and Goddesses.
Besides Hinduism, the other predominant religion of ancient India was Buddhism. It originated in the northern part of India. If you look back at the history of this religion, it is the story of a man’s spiritual journey to enlightenment, and also the principles and teachings that he derived from it. The basic principles of early Buddhism remain the same, and it includes the “four noble truths”- Dukkha (suffering), Trishna (greed), The Eightfold
Jainism is one of the 3 ancient Indian religions that are still prevailing. It was founded in the 5th century BCE in the Ganges basin of eastern India. It traces its history through a succession of 24 triumphant saviors and teachers. They were known as Tirthankaras. The first among them was Rishabhdev or Rishabhanatha, who according to Jain tradition, lived for 8,400,000 Purva years. It is a self-help religion that focuses on oneself instead of relying on the gods. It focuses on promoting equality between humans, animals, plants, and all those who have souls.
Sikhism, another main religion, was developed while the Mughal Empire was ruling the region. The period of the Mughal Empire started in 1556, and almost all the Mughal Emperors were Muslims. Unlike other ancient religions, Sikhism is one of the youngest world religions. Guru Nanak introduced the religion, and his doctrine stresses on the devotion to God. Moreover, the most important principles of Sikhism is to serve humanity, work hard, and to dedicate yourself towards your family.
Thus, these different religions make the country a secular place. Each of these religions has a role to play in maintaining harmony and peace.